A group of eminent researchers and journalists have formed a coalition to sustain advocacy efforts against paraquat importation and use in Nigeria, as concerns mount on safety of the toxic herbicide in the country.
The coalition known as Coalition Against Paraquat (CAP), comprises nine scientists and media practitioners with rich experience in advocacy and deep understanding of paraquat, according to Prof. Johnson Ekpere, one of the members of the group. The group’s main role is to act as a watchdog and sustain advocacy efforts while supporting the National Agency for Food and Drug Administration and Control (NAFDAC) to follow through with its paraquat deregistration plans.
Recently, NAFDAC released a gradual phase-out plan for paraquat. The Director, Veterinary Medicine and Allied Products of NAFDAC, Dr. Bukar Usman, who announced the plan, disclosed that the agency has stopped new registration of paraquat and those already in the process can only get two years instead of the usual five years.
“By the end of December, NAFDAC will no longer process renewal of registration of the product, while total ban will be concluded by 2024,” he had said last year.
The group says it also plans to “contribute to awareness creation and advocacy; contribute to the development of target information kits and meet public and private sector influencers and opinion leaders to ensure that paraquat is finally off the shelf in Nigeria.”
Members of the coalition include: Prof. Johnson Ekpere, former Executive Secretary, Scientific, Technical and Research Commission of the Organization of African Unity (OAU/STRC), now African Union (AU); Prof. Mohammed Kuta Yahaya, a professor of Agricultural Extension & Development Communication, Consultant/ Expert in Strategic Communication & Citizens Engagement and a former Secretary to Niger State Government; Ms. Ayoola Kassim, an award-winning producer at Channels Television; Prof. Simon Irtwange: Chairman, Technical Committee on Nigeria Yam Export Programme, Federal Ministry of Agriculture and Rural Development (FMARD), Abuja and Prof. Lateef Sanni, President, International Society for Tropical Root Crops (ISTRC).
Other members include: Prof. Udensi Udensi, a weed scientist and agronomist at the University of Port Harcourt, Rivers State; Ms. Grace Yusuf, Deputy Editor-In-Chief in charge of the Agriculture and Environment Desk of the News Agency of Nigeria (NAN); Prof. M.G.M. Kolo, President, Weed Science Society of Nigeria (WSSN) and Prof. Ademola Ladele, Professor of Agricultural Extension, University of Ibadan with experience in Advocacy and Policy, Extension Models and Group Dynamics.
Calls for the deregistration of paraquat heightened December last year when commissioners of agriculture, permanent secretaries of agriculture ministries and program managers of Agricultural Development Programs (ADPs) in the country, gathered at a meeting held at the International Institute of Tropical Agriculture (IITA), Ibadan, and urged NAFDAC to put the product out of the Nigerian market, maintaining that concerns being raised about the product were too grave to be ignored. Weed scientists under the aegis of the Weed Science Society of Nigeria (WSSN) rising from their 47th Annual Conference also added their voice to the calls, stressing that safer and more effective alternatives to paraquat were abound.
A report titled: “The Rural Appraisal on the use of Paraquat in Nigeria,” authored by Prof. Udensi, who is a weed scientist at the University of Port Harcourt, Rivers State, describes paraquat as “one of the most highly acute toxic herbicides being marketed in the last 60 years”.
His words: “Paraquat remains one of the pesticides responsible for more fatal poisonings than any other pesticides substances. Workers who are exposed to Paraquat over a long period have been found to be at an increased risk of developing Parkinson’s disease later in life”.
Scientists have listed safe and effective alternatives to paraquat to include glufosinate-ammonium commonly traded as Lifeline, Slasha Gold, Basta, and Facinate.