Sesame seeds (Sesamum indicum) are tiny edible seeds of a plant of the Sesamum genus.
Sesame is an oilseed- processed into sesame oil. The crop is peculiar to Africa and Asia. Sesame as a crop has a lot of export potential and is a lucrative agriculture commodity.
Sesame seeds are tiny in nature, they are oil-rich and grow in pods on the Sesamum indicum plant.
Unhulled Sesame seeds have the outer, edible husk intact, while hulled seeds come without the husk.
The hull gives the seeds a golden-brown hue. Hulled seeds have an off-white color but turn brown when roasted.
Sesame seeds have many potential health benefits and have been used in folk medicine for thousands of years. They may protect against heart disease, diabetes, and arthritis. However, you may need to eat significant amounts — a small handful per day — to gain health benefits.
Here are 5 amazing benefits of Sesame Seeds:
- It Is A Versatile Crop: Sesame seeds are very versatile in their utility and contain 50-55 percent oil and 25 percent protein. Sesame has one of the highest oil contents of any seed, with a rich, nutty flavor, it is a common ingredient in cuisines across the world. The seeds are used in baking, to top bread, buns, and bagels, in crackers, and in cakes. The ground seeds are used in East African cuisine in soups, fish dishes, and used as condiments. The oils are also used in salad dressings and cooking oils, as well as making some kinds of margarine..
2. Reduces Nematodes Present In Soil: One unusual feature of sesame is its seeming resistance to a damaging but microscopic NC agricultural pest, nematodes.
3. Excellent Disease & Insect Tolerance: Sesame plants are often attacked and damaged by aphids. Thrips will stunt seedlings and injure developing flower buds so that capsules do not set. The gall midge (Asphondylia sesame Felt.) and various caterpillars have been important in some countries. Green stink bugs, grasshoppers, cutworms, armyworms, red spiders, and bollworms also attack sesame but do not cause extensive damage
.4. Excellent Heat & Drought Tolerance: Unlike other oilseed crops, sesame is reported to be more tolerant to drought. However, in arid and semiarid areas, drought often occurs conjointly with heat or high temperatures and impairs sesame production significantly. 5. Less Farming Equipment Required: The preparation for planting sesame seeds starts with clearing the site of weeds, stumps, and anything that can stunt the growth of the crop.
Then ridges are made with a row spacing of at least 60 cm by 10 cm. You can also plant them on plain lands that are well tilled. Note that about 4-5kg of sesame seeds are required to be planted on one hectare of land. Sesame seeds yield per hectare is about 1-1.5 tonnes every year.