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South Sudan faces severe food security crisis

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Traditional African thatched-roof houses in the countryside in South Sudan

Food security crisis is at its peak in South Sudan. The number of people facing food insecurity has increased beyond expected value.

Statistics were given on food security analysis in December 2021 for the Humanitarian Needs Overview (HNO) that a total of 8.3 million people are expected to face severe food crisis during 2022 lean season, which is about 60% of the total population but the percentage of people facing food insecurity has increased by 7%.

In order to have a better understanding of the food security and livelihoods situation in South Sudan and also to inform the IPC March 2022 update, REACH has developed Food Security and Livelihood (FSL) factsheets of countries where settlements have been assessed using the Area of Knowledge (AoK) methodology.

The AoK methodology works by collecting relevant information in areas that are hard to reach to inform humanitarian planning and interventions outside formal settlement sites.

Using the AoK methodology, REACH remotely monitors needs and access to services in the Greater Upper Nile, Greater Equatoria, and Greater Bahr el Ghazal regions. AoK data is collected monthly, through multi-sector interviews with the following typology of key informants (KIs):

• KIs who are newly arrived internally displaced persons (IDPs) who have left a hard-to-reach settlement in the last month

• KIs who have been in contact with someone living in a hard-to-reach settlement, or have been visiting one in the last month (traders, migrants, family members, etc.)

• KIs who are remaining in hard-to-reach settlements, contacted through phone

Selected KIs are purposively sampled and have knowledge from within the last month about a specific settlement in South Sudan, with data collected at the settlement level. About half of the settlements assessed have more than one KI reporting on the settlement. In these cases, data is aggregated at the settlement level according to a weighting mechanism, which can be found in the Terms of Reference (ToRs).

All percentages presented in this factsheet, unless otherwise specified, represent the proportion of settlements assessed with that specific response.

The findings presented in this factsheet are indicative of the broad food security and livelihood trends in assessed settlements in January 2022 and are not statistically generalizable.

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