According to the UN Food and Agriculture Organization, the protracted insurgency in northeastern Nigeria continues to impair food production in Adamawa, Borno, and Yobe states, resulting in socio-economic losses and high levels of acute food insecurity and malnutrition (FAO).
In a recent assessment of the region, the FAO warned that the surge of displaced people is adding to the pressure on host communities, which already have restricted access to land and other resources, reducing food production and requiring them to rely on humanitarian aid.
For the rainy season of 2022, the UN agency said it wants to supply excellent seeds and fertilizers to 42,500 people. It also says it will build integrated aquaculture and horticulture production centers, as well as fish processing centers, to help displaced people reclaim their agricultural livelihoods.
As relative peace returns in some parts of the state, the FAO highlighted that “the Government of Borno State has continued to carry out a relocation programme for IDPs, calling on development partners to support its efforts to implement sustainable livelihood initiatives.”
According to the organization’s 2022 Humanitarian Response Plan, it has increased its financial request for 2022 compared to the previous year to meet the additional needs that have recently developed to support resettled displaced persons’ livelihoods, food security, and nutrition.
In 2021, FAO’s intervention, which included dry and rainy season farming, aquaculture, and livestock support, is said to have led to improving food security.
However, by the start of the following lean season (June–August 2022), households’ food supplies are projected to be depleted.
“Despite the continuous fighting, access to land, staple food, and cash crop production in the three most affected states in northeastern Nigeria have somewhat increased in 2021 compared to the five-year average,” according to the research.